|Title||SURRENDER OF CHIEF JOSEPH|
|Artist||Paxson, Edgar S. (1852-1919)|
|Dimensions||H-81 W-47 inches|
|Medium||Oil on canvas|
In 1877 a band of Nez Perce, with Chief Joseph among its leaders, trekked across Montana in a vain attempt to reach asylum in Canada. On October 5--after several days of fighting with the U.S. Army in what is now known as the Battle of the Bear's Paw--Joseph and his people surrendered to General Nelson A. Miles. It was upon this occasion that Joseph made his legendary speech, which begins, "From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever...."
The foremost figure who dominates the right half of the image is an Indian man who wears a beaded buckskin shirt and blue trade blanket, and stands with his proper right arm upraised. He faces an army officer, wearing a blue uniform and black cape, who dominates the left foreground. A man wearing a trade-cloth coat and holding a gun stands directly behind the officer; a second Indian, who wears a white shirt and red blanket, holds a white flag. There are additional figures, trees, and mountains in the distant background. A decorative border painted across the top of the image bears the title.