Object Record

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Catalog Number X1952.01.03
Object Name Painting
Artist Russell, Charles M. (1864-1926)
Dimensions H-19.5 W-23 inches
Medium Oil on canvas
Date ca. 1891
Notes While Russell painted very few scenes of non-Indian domestic life, the daily activities of the traditional Plains Indian camp captured his attention. In this painting, a man sits at ease, smoking a pipe, while young boys and watchful dogs lounge nearby. Two women dominate the center of the image-one uses a bone flesher to scrape a buffalo hide that has been staked to the ground, while the other gazes, at least momentarily, into the distance. A travois and cradleboard are propped against the foremost tipi, while a woman stands almost unnoticed beside the second tipi that is erected just behind it. On the left side of the image, a small herd of grazing horses leads the viewer's eye from the middle ground down to a distant tipi camp scattered along a riverbank.

Although undated, this painting has been attributed to the period following Russell's formative trip to High River, Alberta, in 1888. In the years following his sojourn, he repeated variations of this scene many times in both oil and watercolor.
Search Terms Tipi
American Indian
Native American